Real Estate

How Much Do Real Estate Agents Make? A Guide to Commissions and Income

Real estate agents are professionals who help buyers and sellers with their real estate transactions. They earn money through commissions, which are based on a percentage of the property’s selling price. But how much do real estate agents make per sale and per year? And what factors affect their income? In this article, we will answer these questions and provide some tips on how to increase your earnings as a real estate agent.

How Commissions Work

Commissions are the main source of income for most real estate agents. A commission is a fee that is paid to the agent by the seller or the buyer at the end of a successful transaction. The commission rate is usually negotiated between the agent and the client, and it can vary depending on the market conditions, the type of property, and the level of service provided by the agent.

The average commission rate in the U.S. is between 5% and 6% of the final sale price. However, this does not mean that the agent gets to keep the entire amount. In most cases, the commission is split four ways: between the agent and the broker for the seller, and between the agent and the broker for the buyer. The broker is the person who oversees and manages the real estate office where the agent works.

The commission split depends on the agreement that the agent has with their broker. Some brokers offer a fixed percentage or a flat fee to their agents, while others use a sliding scale based on the agent’s performance or experience. For example, a new agent might get 50% of the commission, while a seasoned agent might get 70% or more.

To calculate how much an agent makes per sale, you need to multiply the sale price by the commission rate, and then multiply that by the agent’s split. For example, if an agent sells a house for $500,000 with a 6% commission rate and a 60% split, they will make $18,000 ($500,000 x 0.06 x 0.6).

How Income Varies

The income of a real estate agent can vary widely depending on several factors, such as:

  • The number of transactions they complete in a year
  • The average sale price in their market
  • The commission rate and split they negotiate with their clients and brokers
  • The expenses they incur for marketing, advertising, licensing, education, taxes, etc.
  • The time and effort they invest in their business

According to, the average annual income for real estate agents in the U.S. was $85,597 in 2022. However, this number does not reflect the reality of many agents who make much more or much less than that. Some agents may only work part-time or seasonally, while others may work full-time or overtime. Some agents may specialize in luxury properties or commercial properties, while others may focus on low-end or residential properties. Some agents may have a large network of referrals and repeat clients, while others may rely on cold calling or online leads.

Therefore, it is hard to estimate how much an agent will make in a year without knowing their specific situation and goals. However, one way to get a rough idea is to use this formula:

Income = (Number of Transactions x Average Sale Price x Commission Rate x Agent Split) – Expenses

For example, if an agent completes 12 transactions in a year, with an average sale price of $300,000, a 5% commission rate, a 60% split, and $20,000 in expenses, they will make $68,000 in income ($300,000 x 0.05 x 0.6 x 12 – $20,000).

How to Increase Your Earnings

As you can see from the formula above, there are four main ways to increase your income as a real estate agent:

  • Increase your number of transactions
  • Increase your average sale price
  • Increase your commission rate or split
  • Decrease your expenses

Here are some tips on how to achieve these goals:

  • To increase your number of transactions, you need to generate more leads and convert them into clients. You can do this by marketing yourself effectively online and offline, building relationships with past and potential clients, asking for referrals and testimonials, networking with other professionals in your industry, and providing excellent service and value to your clients.
  • To increase your average sale price, you need to target higher-end properties and buyers in your market. You can do this by improving your skills and knowledge in your niche, creating a professional brand and image for yourself, showcasing your expertise and credibility through content marketing and social media, and delivering exceptional results and satisfaction to your clients.
  • To increase your commission rate or split, you need to negotiate better terms with your clients and brokers. You can do this by demonstrating your value and worth as an agent, highlighting your unique selling proposition and competitive advantage, providing evidence of your track record and achievements, and being confident and assertive in your communication.
  • To decrease your expenses, you need to manage your budget and cash flow wisely. You can do this by tracking your income and expenses regularly, setting realistic and attainable goals, prioritizing your spending and investing, reducing unnecessary or wasteful costs, and taking advantage of tax deductions and benefits.


Real estate agents make money through commissions, which are based on a percentage of the property’s selling price. The amount of money an agent makes per sale and per year depends on various factors, such as the number of transactions, the average sale price, the commission rate and split, and the expenses. To increase their income, agents need to increase their number of transactions, their average sale price, their commission rate or split, or decrease their expenses. By following these tips, agents can boost their earnings and achieve their financial goals.

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